Hyperphosphatemia is a medical condition characterized by inordinate amounts of the mineral phosphorus within the blood. The disorder can arise in dogs of all age groups but is particularly common in elderly pooches who have kidney difficulties and in young dogs. Cats, too, occasionally experience hyperphosphatemia.
As with many diseases, a lot of different things can lead to hyperphosphatemia in canines. Ailments that can potentially trigger immoderate phosphorus levels include kidney disease, thyroid disease, osteoporosis and bone cancer. Since the bones are packed full of phosphorus, issues with them can sometimes bring upon increases of phosphates within the blood, and therefore hyperphosphatemia. Canines sometimes can develop the condition due to immoderate nutritional supplementation -- too much vitamin D, for a specific example.
One of the most difficult aspects of hyperphosphatemia is its typical lack of symptoms. You might not notice any physical or behavioral changes in your precious pet. If his hyperphosphatemia is a result of another overarching medical condition, however, you might observe those other disease symptoms, whether the frequent urination of kidney disease or anything else.
If you discover your doggie has hyperphosphatemia, prompt veterinary management of this electrolyte issue is a serious priority. It is crucial to manage any other health ailments that might have contributed to the hyperphosphatemia. A veterinarian might suggest fluid therapy for hyperphosphatemia, for instance. She also might help you put together a special doggie diet plan that doesn't involve a lot of phosphorus content. Since all dogs with hyperphosphatemia are different and have individual scenarios, a veterinarian can tell you specifically what is the most suitable plan for your cutie.
Phosphatemia is an issue for some felines. Just as with dogs, it is generally asymptomatic. Many of the same health problems that contribute to canine hyperphosphatemia contribute to feline hyperphosphatemia. Because the ailment is practically impossible to detect due to the lack of symptoms, you'll ensure your pets' health, whether cats, dogs or other creatures, by ensuring they get regular veterinary checkups.
- CJASN: Prevention and Control of Phosphate Retention/Hyperphosphatemia in CKD-MBD
- PubMed: Effects of Hyperphosphatemia on Diaphragmatic Strength and Endurance.
- Merck Veterinary Manual: Fibrous Osteodystrophy
- Veterinary Hematology and Clinical Chemistry; Mary Anna Thrall, Glade Weiser, Robin W. Allison, et al.
- Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction; Edward C. Nelson and Richard W. Nelson
- Blackwell's Five Minute Veterinary Consult - Canine and Feline; Larry P. Tilley and Francis W.K. Smith
- Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center: Hypercalcemia
- Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images