Characteristics & Traits of Pug Dogs

by Naomi Millburn
    Pugs typically possess vigilant and attentive personalities.

    Pugs typically possess vigilant and attentive personalities.

    Chris Amaral/Digital Vision/Getty Images

    With wrinkly, melancholy countenances and stocky physiques, pugs are indeed memorable dogs. However, deciding whether a pug might make an appropriate pet for your household calls for extensive knowledge of the companion breed. Make sure you know the ins and outs of the gentle Chinese pooches before you take one of them in.

    Physical Characteristics and Traits

    Pugs are small overall, with thick, dense, rotund and squarish bodies. When they're adults, they usually weigh 14 to 18 pounds. Mature pugs usually grow to heights of 10 to 11 inches. Pugs of both genders are roughly the same size. Pugs appear in a handful of coat colors: fawn, black, apricot and silver. Their hair is short, lustrous and smooth. Other key physical characteristics of pugs are conspicuous facial wrinkles, curled tails, broad chests, tiny ears and circular, deep brown eyes. Their eyes bulge slightly.

    Behavioral Characteristics and Traits

    Pugs delight in making the people in their lives happy, according to the American Kennel Club. Pugs frequently display measured, jovial and spirited temperaments. They revel in the company of people, often closely trailing their beloved humans' moves. Pugs tend to get along famously with children and other household pets. They occasionally exhibit self-willed behaviors, but are for the most part predictable, humorous and affectionate four-legged pals. Pugs are also bright dogs. Training them is usually a straightforward and simple task.

    Pug Physical Activity Characteristics

    If you decide to bring a pug into your home, make sure he get a moderate amount of exercise every day. Leashed walks or energetic play sessions both make suitable exercise for pugs, for example. Although regular exercise is vital for pugs, their bodies can't handle too much of it, and they don't respond well to muggy and hot weather conditions. They should never live outdoors -- they are bred as indoor dogs.

    Breed Health Components

    With the proper concern and care from their owners, pugs generally live for about 13 years, according to Sarah Whitehead, the author of "Dog - The Complete Guide." Since pugs have such short noses, they're often vulnerable to breathing issues. They also snore -- often loudly. Their wrinkles need regular cleaning to prevent dermatitis. They're susceptible to weight gain and obesity, so owners must pay close attention to their feeding plans. Medical problems commonly appearing in pugs include brachycephalic syndrome, entropion, Legg-Perthes disease, luxating patellas, epilepsy and pug dog encephalitis. True to the name, pug dog encephalitis exists exclusively in pugs. If you have any questions regarding ailments that are often seen in pugs, talk to a veterinarian about what you can do to keep your pet happy and healthy for life.

    Photo Credits

    • Chris Amaral/Digital Vision/Getty Images

    About the Author

    Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.

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