A dog's eye doctor is called an ophthalmologist. These veterinarians are board-certified specialists, certified by the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists. These doctors evaluate eyes, eyelids and nerves for a variety of disorders and diseases.
Your veterinarian may refer you to an ophthalmologist for a variety of reasons, including specialized surgery for cataracts or evaluation of sudden blindness. Your veterinarian may also refer your pet for a second opinion. Ophthalmologists have more specialized equipment than is available for most general practice veterinarians. Many dog breeds like collies should have ocular evaluations to check for genetic problems, ensuring that genetic health problems are not passed to future generations.