Hepatic Lipidosis in Dogs

by Naomi Millburn
Taxing experiences -- like shots -- sometimes are the root cause of hepatic lipidosis.

Taxing experiences -- like shots -- sometimes are the root cause of hepatic lipidosis.

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Hepatic lipidosis is a health condition that, while relatively common in felines, is pretty uncommon in the canine world. The ailment nonetheless can affect dogs. Hepatic Iipidosis is characterized by the liver's triglyceride buildup. It's also commonly known as fatty liver disease. Horses and cows also occasionally get hepatic lipidosis.

Hepatic Lipidosis Basics

Hepatic lipodosis involves the collection of fat inside of a dog's liver. This excessive collection of lipids becomes troubling, as canines' bodies lack the ability to remove the fat from the spot. This failure to extract the fat is capable of triggering liver failure. Various changes in the proper functioning of the metabolism of lipids can potentially cause this condition, such as giving off lower amounts of lipoproteins, which are molecules that consist of fat and proteins alike.
Hepatic lipidosis often manifests itself with signs such as swift loss of weight, zero appetite, throwing up, constipation, runny stools and immoderate drooling. Veterinary care is imperative if you notice any of these signs in your pet.

Known Possible Causes

Numerous components are linked with the emergence of hepatic lipidosis in dogs. Dogs who experience it occasionally have another ailment that causes it, such as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus can bring upon a swift acquisition of fat, which can, in turn, bring upon effects such as the bursting of cells weighed down by inordinate fat, fat making its way over to the blood and even the arteries' blockage.
Apart from other ailments, dietary issues, including lack of food intake and decreased weight, are also big culprits in the development of hepatic lipidosis. Some female dogs who employ excessive energy while nursing puppies also are at risk. The trigger of the disease is uncertain in some animals. In some pooches, it could actually be an inherited condition, showing up while they're merely young puppies.

Vulnerable Breeds

Certain kinds of dogs are particularly prone to this fatty litter disease, namely tiny and youthful ones. Fox terriers, Chihuahuas and Yorkshire terriers are all prone to hepatic lipidosis. This condition typically follows stressful periods in which the dog might stop eating normally or adequately. Some possible examples of difficult times include weaning or moving into new residences with unfamiliar people. Low blood sugar often is an indication of a small dog with hepatic lipidosis.

Veterinary Care

Routine, frequent veterinary appointments are crucial for keeping your pet in good health. If your vet performs thorough checkups of your dog routinely, she can often detect signs of medical issues early on, whether liver failure or anything else. Veterinarians sometimes suggest medicine for the management of hepatic lipidosis. They also sometimes suggest dietary changes -- possibly increasing amounts of protein intake. Only your vet can tell you exactly what is necessary to encourage your pet's well-being and recuperation.

Photo Credits

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About the Author

Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.

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