Hepatic lipidosis is a health condition that, while relatively common in felines, is pretty uncommon in the canine world. The ailment nonetheless can affect dogs. Hepatic Iipidosis is characterized by the liver's triglyceride buildup. It's also commonly known as fatty liver disease. Horses and cows also occasionally get hepatic lipidosis.
Hepatic Lipidosis Basics
Hepatic lipodosis involves the collection of fat inside of a dog's liver. This excessive collection of lipids becomes troubling, as canines' bodies lack the ability to remove the fat from the spot. This failure to extract the fat is capable of triggering liver failure. Various changes in the proper functioning of the metabolism of lipids can potentially cause this condition, such as giving off lower amounts of lipoproteins, which are molecules that consist of fat and proteins alike.
Hepatic lipidosis often manifests itself with signs such as swift loss of weight, zero appetite, throwing up, constipation, runny stools and immoderate drooling. Veterinary care is imperative if you notice any of these signs in your pet.
Known Possible Causes
Numerous components are linked with the emergence of hepatic lipidosis in dogs. Dogs who experience it occasionally have another ailment that causes it, such as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus can bring upon a swift acquisition of fat, which can, in turn, bring upon effects such as the bursting of cells weighed down by inordinate fat, fat making its way over to the blood and even the arteries' blockage.
Apart from other ailments, dietary issues, including lack of food intake and decreased weight, are also big culprits in the development of hepatic lipidosis. Some female dogs who employ excessive energy while nursing puppies also are at risk. The trigger of the disease is uncertain in some animals. In some pooches, it could actually be an inherited condition, showing up while they're merely young puppies.
Certain kinds of dogs are particularly prone to this fatty litter disease, namely tiny and youthful ones. Fox terriers, Chihuahuas and Yorkshire terriers are all prone to hepatic lipidosis. This condition typically follows stressful periods in which the dog might stop eating normally or adequately. Some possible examples of difficult times include weaning or moving into new residences with unfamiliar people. Low blood sugar often is an indication of a small dog with hepatic lipidosis.
Routine, frequent veterinary appointments are crucial for keeping your pet in good health. If your vet performs thorough checkups of your dog routinely, she can often detect signs of medical issues early on, whether liver failure or anything else. Veterinarians sometimes suggest medicine for the management of hepatic lipidosis. They also sometimes suggest dietary changes -- possibly increasing amounts of protein intake. Only your vet can tell you exactly what is necessary to encourage your pet's well-being and recuperation.
- Purdue University ADDL: Hepatic Lipidosis in Toy Breed Dogs
- Veterinary Institute of Integrative Medicine: Liver - Hepatic Lipidosis
- Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association: Guide to Congenital and Heritable Disorders in Dogs
- International Veterinary Information Service: Common Causes of Death in Dogs
- PetWave: Yorkshire Terrier - Health Characteristics
- Yorkshire Terriers; D. Caroline Coile
- Natural Health Bible for Dogs & Cats; Shawn Messonnier
- Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center: Triglycerides
- Small Animal Critical Care Medicine; Deborah Silverstein
- NA/PhotoObjects.net/Getty Images