The miniature long-haired dachshund is basically just a size and coat variant of the standard breed. Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature and toy, with only the larger two varieties being accepted in competition. They also come in a variety of coat types including smooth, wire-haired and long-haired. In German, dachshund means "badger dog"; this is because the breed was used to hunt badgers.
Depictions of long-bodied dogs with short legs hunting badgers in Germany date back to the 15th century, indicating it is likely an old breed. The smooth and long-haired variations of dachshund were first recognized in the early 17th century with the wire-haired variety being added in 1890. In the early years, two size types began to develop, the larger being used to hunt badgers and wild boar, while the smaller miniature type was used for foxes and hares.
To be classed as miniature dachshunds, the dogs must be between 5 to 7 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh 11 lbs. or less. The dogs have long, muscular body types with short stumpy legs. The chest is often prominent from the line of the front legs and the head is held high. The muzzle is long and pointed, eyes are medium-sized and almond-shaped, and the large and floppy ears are located at the top of the skull.
The long-haired variety of dachshund has a straight, sleek coat that is long under the neck, chest and stomach as well as near the ears and the rear legs. The coat is at its longest along the tail and can be slightly wavy, but not curly like the wire-hair. Coat colors can be widely variable with almost any solid color possible including black, red, blue, chocolate and fawn. Multicolor coats are also common, with bi-color and tri-color coats both possible.
The dachshund is an intelligent, alert little dog with a brave nature -- sometimes to its own detriment. The breed is devoted to its masters but can develop behavioral problems with weak or inexperienced owners. The breed can be aggressive at times and is not as tolerant as some breeds with young children. It can be a willful breed and sometimes hard to train and housebreak, but persistence and firm training helps.
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