Name of the Hind Knee Joint in Dogs

by Betty Lewis
    Dogs weighing more than 33 pounds tend to respond better to surgery for knee ligament tears.

    Dogs weighing more than 33 pounds tend to respond better to surgery for knee ligament tears.

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    As the song goes, the foot bone's connected to the leg bone; the leg bone's connected to the knee bone. If you want to sing the song properly to Scout, you'll call his knee joint the stifle. It's a complex joint that can be complicated to repair after an injury.

    The Stifle

    Scout's stifle is the joint connecting his femur, or thigh bone, with his tibia and fibula, his two lower leg bones. Strong ligaments stabilize his stifle. Two attach crosswise; they're referred to as the anterior and posterior ligaments or cross ligaments. They work with two outer bands of ligaments, known as the lateral collateral ligaments. Together with his kneecap, this system of ligaments provides him stability through a wide range of movement. The two most common problems vets see with the stifle are dislocating kneecaps and torn or stretched cruciate ligaments. If Scout's a very athletic guy, he may be like other active dogs who occasionally injure their knees in the course of their vigorous activities. Continuous strain on the ligament, or obesity, can stress the ligaments in a pup's knee, causing problems with the stifle. Treatment ranges from surgery to medical treatment that includes exercise restriction, rest, anti-inflammatories and hydrotherapy.

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    About the Author

    Betty Lewis has been writing professionally since 2000, specializing in animal care and issues, business analysis and homeland security. Lewis holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism from West Virginia University as well as master’s degrees from Old Dominion University and Tulane University.

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