About Previcox for Dogs

by Adrienne Farricelli Google
    Give your arthritic dog a helping hand.

    Give your arthritic dog a helping hand.

    Apple Tree House/Photodisc/Getty Images

    A time may come when Rover's gait shifts gears and he seems to be always a step behind. Luckily, dog owners can be a step ahead by offering solutions to help their companions better cope with the effects of aging. Previcox has been crafted with arthritic dogs in mind in hopes of relieving their pain and the inflammation associated with sore joints. As with other drugs, it's very important to consider side effects and risks.

    Description

    Also known as Firocoxib, Previcox is a fast-acting non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drug meant to block chemical messengers known for causing pain, swelling and inflammation. Classified as a COX-2 inhibitor, Previcox specifically targets COX-2, an enzyme responsible for causing pain and inflammation, while sparing COX-1, an enzyme responsible for protecting the inner lining of the stomach. Previcox, therefore, offers the advantage of providing anti-inflammatory benefits while reducing the risks for stomach irritation, ulceration and bleeding often seen with traditional anti-inflammatory drugs inhibiting COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes.

    Purpose

    Previcox is prescribed to dogs suffering from osteoarthritis, a chronic, painful condition affecting the bones and soft tissues of a dog's joints. The most commonly affected joints include the knee, elbow, wrist, hip and spine. As the condition advances, the joints become painful, inflamed and less flexible. Previcox helps provide relief and increases the mobility of these patients, but can also be prescribed to control the pain and inflammation dogs experience after undergoing soft-tissue and orthopedic surgery.

    Dosage

    When giving Previcox, it's best to use the lowest effective dosage for the shortest period of time. Dogs owners should always follow the vet's directions carefully. The recommended dosage for osteoarthritis in dogs is 2.27 milligrams per pound given once a day as needed. The flavored chewable tablets can be given with or without food. In dogs undergoing surgery, the medication is given for three days as needed to reduce postoperative pain and inflammation; however, it's sometimes also given a couple of hours prior to surgery.

    Precautions

    All dogs should routinely see their vets for checkups and testing when taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Dogs with a history of suffering from allergies to these types of drugs and dogs with kidney or liver problems should avoid this drug. Dogs weighing less than 12.5 pounds should also not take Previcox because this drug cannot be accurately dosed at that weight level. When taking Previcox, dogs should not take aspirin, corticosteroids or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

    Side Effects

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have the potential for serious side effects such as gastrointestinal bleeding, ulcers, perforations and even kidney and liver problems. Dogs owners should stop giving the medication and immediately report to their vet should they notice loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, black and tarry stools, lethargy, changes in drinking and urination habits and changes in the appearance of the dog's skin. Death can occur in rare cases. Adverse side effects should be reported to the FDA.

    Photo Credits

    • Apple Tree House/Photodisc/Getty Images

    About the Author

    Adrienne Farricelli has been a writer since 2005, serving as an editor, steward and writer for several online publications. She brings expertise in canine topics, previously working with the American Animal Hospital Association and receiving certification as a dog trainer from the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers. Farricelli offers reward-based training and behavior consults at Rover's Ranch Home Boarding and Training.

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