If you think your puppy is just greedy or hungry when he wolfs down his food, think again. Gorging on food is in his nature. Yelling at him and punishing him is not going to put a stop to his fast-eating fetish, and it might make him fear you. Instead, try to understand his behavior, ensure he's healthy and use simple tactics to slow him down so you don't have to worry about his safety and well-being each time he eats.
Food-gulping behavior in puppies goes back to their ancestors. Wolves didn't have loving owners to provide them with regular meals. They had to fend for themselves and ate their prey quickly so pack members or other animals couldn't steal their meal. Eating fast was a survival method. Puppies from a shelter or puppies who had littermates might display rapid-eating behavior, stemming from when they had to compete for milk or food. They've developed the hard-to-break habit early on.
Correcting your puppy's rapid eating is essential, because if ignored, it can result in health complications that might ultimately be fatal. Puppies who gorge on food might experience digestion and bloating problems or they might choke on food or throw up after devouring it. Gorging on food is especially dangerous in dogs with flat faces. They might experience breathing problems while eating their food.
Before correcting your pet companion's food gorging, visit a veterinarian to rule out medical conditions that might trigger the behavior. Internal parasites, diabetes and metabolic problems can all be to blame. Your puppy might wolf down food because the condition at hand is robbing him of nutrients that he's trying to replace. A veterinarian can also recommend replacing his current food with a high-quality food that's easier for your puppy to digest and provides all the nutrients he needs.
To slow your puppy down while he's eating, don't serve his food in a bowl -- scatter it on the floor or on the lawn so he has to sniff for it and can't grab a lot at the same time. Aside from eating slower, this also provides your pup with mental stimulation. Food-stuffed dog toys have a similar effect. Putting a ball or a large rock in your dog's bowl is another tactic worth trying. Eating around the large object is challenging and slows your puppy down. If you have more than one puppy, feed them in separate rooms so there's no competition and no need to gorge on food.
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