The samoyed is an ancient breed of dog that is currently recognized by all major kennel clubs. Highly active and intelligent, the samoyed needs an experienced, energetic owner. Samoyeds are known for their gentle, happy-go-lucky personalities, full, long, flowing coat and being hardy, capable workers.
The samoyed is a primitive, ancient breed that originated in Siberia over 3,000 years ago. It was bred by the Samoyedic people. This nomadic group used the fluffy, white, beautiful dog as a herder, sled dog, and a source of heat. The dog's instincts to gather, pull, and cuddle were carefully cultivated. The samoyed has never had fox or wolf blood introduced into the breed's bloodline.
The samoyed is known for his beautiful, long, thick, light-colored coat. This breed possesses a double coat, meaning it has a very dense, thick, nearly weatherproof undercoat that is short, and the outercoat grows straight through the undercoat. The outercoat is much longer and weatherproof. The samoyed's coat is very fluffy and is thicker and longer on males than females. The coat is shiny and must be white or biscuit colored.
The samoyed has a typical spitz head. It's wedge-shaped and broad with a clearly defined muzzle. The ears are pricked and well-furred, and the eyes must be almond shaped. While every eye color can occur, only dark colored eyes are allowed in show dogs. The samoyed is known for the "samoyed smile," which is made by the black colored lips curling up slightly at the ends of the muzzle. This gives him a jovial, intelligent look.
As a draft dog, the samoyed must be solidly built and muscular. His chest is deep with a well-rounded rib cage. He is squarely built with a strong back. His tail is fluffy and slightly curved. The samoyed's back slopes slightly and is gracefully curved from the neck.
The samoyed is extremely dedicated, driven, gentle, and intelligent. They adore playing and need constant stimulation to avoid getting in trouble due to boredom. They're very good-natured, yet independent. They need a firm hand and consistent guidance from an early age.
- samoyed image by Vladimir Klein from Fotolia.com