How Do They Spay a Canine?

by Carlye Jones
    The veterinarian will examine your dog for health problems before spay surgery.

    The veterinarian will examine your dog for health problems before spay surgery.

    David De Lossy/Photodisc/Getty Images

    Spay surgery is formally known as an ovariohysterectomy‎, which means that your dog's entire reproductive tract, including the ovaries and uterus, are removed from her body. This prevents her from ever having puppies and reduces the risk of certain diseases such as mammary cancer.

    Procedure

    Your dog goes under general anesthesia for spay surgery using a tube that runs down her throat and pumps the anesthetic directly into her lungs. The veterinarian makes an incision several inches long that starts just below your dog's belly button and runs toward her tail. This incision is made through both skin and muscle so the veterinarian can access your dog's reproductive tract, which is removed. Two separate layers of stitches are made in the muscles, and the skin is closed with glue, special tape or stitches. The sutures in the muscles will dissolve over time.

    Photo Credits

    • David De Lossy/Photodisc/Getty Images

    About the Author

    Carlye Jones is a journalist, writer, photographer, novelist and artisan jeweler with more than 20 years of experience. She enjoys sharing her expertise on home improvements, photography, crafting, business and travel. Her work has appeared both in print and on numerous websites.

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