According to the American Kennel Club, purebred boxers have either a fawn or brindled coat. While AKC registered dogs may have a white blaze on the belly or head, the coat must be predominantly brown. The gene that produces a white coat is a recessive gene. Two parents with white blazes have a 25 percent chance of producing a white boxer pup. While the AKC does not recognize these animals, they are not albinos. Albino animals lack the genetic ability to produce pigment. According to the Missouri Conservationist, albino animals are born once out of every 20,000 births.
Inspect the dog's coat. If the dog is predominantly white, but has some brown or black fur around the nose or feet, the dog is not an albino. The albino dog is unable to produce hair color of any kind.
Spread the fur and look at the dog's skin. Many dogs have mottled skin with large colored patches beneath their fur. These are normal skin colorations and prove that the dog has the ability to produce melanin, the key component in skin coloration. Albinos lack the ability to produce melanin.
Look at the dog's eyes. If the iris of the eyes is brown, the dog has normal melanin distribution. If the iris of the eyes is pink, the dog is an albino. The iris appears pink because the eyes lack the pigment to shelter the blood vessels of the eye.
- According to Florida Boxer Rescue, white boxers are just as healthy as darker dogs. The hair coloration is a variation similar to blond hair in humans. According to Boxer Buddies, white boxers may have a slight propensity toward sunburn.
- Albino animals run a much higher risk toward eye and skin cancers. Any albino animal needs special care to protect it from sun and light damage.
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