Traits of the Rottweiler

by Naomi Millburn
    Rottweilers can be dedicated canine buddies to their families.

    Rottweilers can be dedicated canine buddies to their families.

    George Doyle & Ciaran Griffin/Stockbyte/Getty Images

    Rottweilers are sturdy, self-assured, valiant and tough midsize dogs from Germany. These canines are most in their element when working hard, whether herding, watching over their owners, carting, providing therapy support or anything else. Many people admire Rottweilers not only for their proficiency in performing tasks but also for their companionship.

    Mature female Rottweilers generally weigh in the ballpark of 80 and 100 pounds, with heights of between 22 and 25 inches. Adult males of the breed are usually a little larger, with typical weights of between 85 and 135 pounds. The males usually are between 24 and 27 inches tall. Rottweilers have dense, sinewy physiques. Their short, shiny double coats are mostly black, with signature reddish-brown or beige areas. Other noteworthy physical traits of Rottweilers include their big heads, deep brown eyes, triangular ears and somewhat lengthy necks.

    Rottweilers adore their families. Although they appear intimidating to some, they actually can be rather humorous and lighthearted when in the presence of the humans they trust. Protecting the people in their lives is a major focus for them. Because of that, they're extremely cautious when around strangers. Sufficient socialization and training of young Rottweilers can help bring out all of the strongest qualities of these dogs. While Rottweilers are often loving companions, they're low-key in behavior -- not clingy. Since these dogs are independent, being alone doesn't usually bother them. Rottweilers are not skittish or high-strung animals; rather, they're cool and composed. While occasional aggressive and fierce Rottweilers do exist, their troublesome behavior generally is an effect of factors such as neglectful beginnings and inadequate socialization and training.

    With the right socialization and training, Rottweilers often benevolent around children. However, the trait isn't purely innate for the breed. As a result, it's extremely important to always carefully monitor Rottweilers when they're in the company of kids. Note, too, that Rottweilers don't always take well to unfamiliar children. If a Rottweiler perceives that the boy next door is endangering one of the dog's family member children, the dog's inner protective drive may manifest. Remember that Rottweilers in history were specifically bred to be guardians. Rottweilers also generally get along with household pets, as long as they're used to them. Unfamiliar animals can be a problem. Interactions between Rottweilers and new animals call for monitoring, no exceptions.

    With proper care, Rottweilers typically live to be anywhere from 9 to 11 years old. This kind of care includes everything from a well-balanced canine diet to regular veterinary appointments. Rottweilers are vulnerable to several health ailments. These include hip dysplasia, folliculitis, gastric torsion, eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy, Addison's disease, Von Willebrand's disease, panosteitis, hypothyroidism, parvovirus and osteosarcoma.

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    About the Author

    Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.

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