Many dogs will happily munch veggies as treats or as part of their daily diet. Because they come packed with vitamins and minerals, incorporating vegetables into your pooch’s diet can help promote his good health and nutrition. Some veggies that provide your pup with nutritional or health benefits are best consumed in small amounts, while others should be avoided entirely.
Roots, Tubers and Stalks
Tubers like sweet potatoes and yams are safe for you pup to eat, and ripe potatoes are safe for canine consumption, but may want to be avoided because they are high in starch. Roots like beets and turnips are fine for dogs to eat. Yucca, according to Cesar's Way, provides relief from canine digestive problems and holds anti-inflammatory properties. Carrots are rich with vitamins and minerals, and asparagus is safe for pooches to munch and provides vitamin K and B vitamins. Celery is fine for dogs and provides an excellent source of iron, calcium, sodium, potassium and phosphorus. Because your pup's teeth aren't designed to grind hard, crunchy vegetables, they should be chopped into small pieces, ground or steamed to a soft consistency for easier consumption and digestion.
Cabbages and Greens
Cabbages and inflorescent vegetables, including Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and broccoli are not only safe to feed Fido, they are chock-full of fiber and nutrients, including vitamins K and C. Salad greens like romaine lettuce and arugula can be fed to your pup, as can spinach, kale and collard greens. Dogs can eat iceberg lettuce, but feeding it to your pup won't provide him with any of the nutrients he needs. Greens will be most easily consumed after being chopped and cooked -- steaming is best for maximum nutrient retention.
Beans, Pods and Fruit Vegetables
Green beans provide your pooch with vitamins and fiber, and peas -- snap, snow, sugar and English, are good for him too. Edamame is safe for dogs and is a good source of protein. Some fruit vegetables like tomato (not the plant or green tomatoes -- those are toxic), cucumber, zucchini and bell peppers are safe for dogs to ingest, but avocado should be avoided, as it is considered poisonous to canines. The gourds you eat are usually safe for your pooch, including acorn, butterfly and buttercup squash. Pumpkin is loaded with fiber and beta-carotene and can help your pup overcome some digestive maladies, according to Cesar's Way, but because pumpkin is very high in vitamin A -- which is highly toxic in excess -- this harvest-season favorite should be fed in small amounts.
Veggies to Avoid
Not every plant that is safe for human consumption is safe for canines. Onions, shallots, scallions and garlic, for example, can be poisonous to dogs, according to the ASPCA, with the stronger-scented/flavored garlic the more toxic of the bunch. While dogs usually won’t gobble up enough raw garlic or onion to cause serious malady, the ASPCA says that if they are used to add flavor to a tasty soup or stew, your pooch may be inclined to eat more of it than he would if it were raw. If consumed in a great enough quantity, plants from the onion family can damage your pup's red blood cells. Rhubarb should be avoided, as it can cause renal failure. Not all mushrooms are toxic to dogs, but it is best to avoid feeding them to Fido, according to Pet Poison Hotline.
- ASPCA: Tomato Plant
- ASPCA: Toxic and Non-Toxic Plant List – Dogs
- ASPCA: Foods That Are Hazardous to Dogs
- Cesar's Way: Dog Nutrition: A to Z
- Dog Tip: Feeding, Dieting and Nutrition Tips
- Vet Info: Ingredients for Homemade, Healthy Dog Food
- The Cooks Thesaurus: Vegetables Category
- Diamond Paws: BARF Vegetable and Fruit List
- ASPCA: Rhubarb
- Pet Poison Helpline: Poisons
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