Basics About the Pomeranian

Pomeranians love attention -- and lots of it.
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Pomeranians are little fluffy spitz dogs who hail from Germany. The breed name is a nod to Pomerania, which in history was a geographical region in their home nation. As classic small lap dogs, Pomeranians can thrive in calm outskirts of towns, quiet rural environments and bustling big cities -- the gamut.

Physical Appearance

Pomeranians have faces that are somewhat reminiscent of foxes, as with most spitz dogs. They generally weigh somewhere between 3 and 7 pounds, with heights of 8 to 11 inches. Their double coats are dense and heavy. In terms of coloring, Pomeranians are extremely diverse and pretty much anything goes, from orange to black and anywhere in between. Some of their prominent physical traits are their curving tails, tiny upright ears and deep, mid-sized eyes.


Pomeranians tend to be bright, inquisitive dogs. If they receive a lot of attention and socialization, they can make positive additions to households, with affectionate, dedicated and pleasant overall dispositions. Pomeranians are often set on making the people in their lives happy. They have a lot of cheeky and gallant behavioral traits, and are almost always up for excitement and fun. Pomeranians sometimes adopt hesitant behaviors when around new people or fellow dogs. Don't leave Poms alone in the company of other pooches, especially unfamiliar ones, though -- they sometimes react to them rather fiercely.

Physical Fitness

As wee creatures, Pomeranians do not need as much exercise as dogs of some other breeds. Despite that, they still need to move their bodies frequently and regularly. Lengthy walks once each day generally work well for Poms. They also like to blow off their energy in a variety of other ways, from interacting with other tiny doggies to running after toys indoors.

Coat Care

Their fur is on the heavy side, and because of that, requires a lot of care. Their coats need brushing a minimum of two times each week -- both for stopping and extracting pesky tangling and knotting. In times of shedding, however, extra brushing is necessary for the removal of stray floating hairs within the coat. Slicker brushes usually work well for Pomeranian grooming. As far as baths go, Poms don't need them more often than once in each few months -- unless their coats come into contact with yucky messiness, whether mud in your yard or spilled orange juice in the dining room. Mild canine shampoo use is a must.

Attention to Health

These cuties, with the right care, frequently live long lives of 15 to 18 years. However, that doesn't mean that they're not vulnerable to certain health ailments. Some of the issues that are often associated with Poms are breathing problems due to tracheal collapse, luxating patella, abnormally low blood sugar, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. Because of these possibilities and others, it's essential to make sure your pet goes to the veterinarian on a consistent basis.