When you think about coonhounds, you probably think about loyalty and bonding. The bluetick and the redbone are coonhounds, American hunting dogs popular for tracking small mammals such as raccoons. Besides differences in appearance, health concerns, home environment needs and life spans, bluetick and redbone coonhounds are almost identical breeds.
Bluetick and redbone coonhounds are both large, short-haired breeds. Adult males of both breeds typically weigh between 45 and 80 pounds, while adult females of both breeds weigh between 45 and 65 pounds. Bluetick coonhounds' coats are dark blue with black and white spots. They sometimes have tan markings above the eyes, around the neck and along the legs. Redbone coonhounds have reddish-brown coats with no spots or markings. Neither the bluetick nor the redbone coonhound has docked ears or tail.
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The bluetick coonhound and the redbone coonhound were both bred as tracking and hunting dogs. Although many are raised as family companions, rather than hunters, today, dogs of both breeds still enjoy regular moderate to intense exercise. Coonhounds, especially redbones, are easy to train. They enjoy learning new tricks. Both breeds do best in large, fenced yards where they can run and play every day. Although a house with a large yard is preferred, redbones can be apartment dogs if they receive regular attention and exercise. Blueticks are not recommended for apartment living since they tend to be more active indoors than redbones. If kept inside for long periods of time with no exercise or interactions, these coonhounds can become bored and begin howling or chewing on items they have access to.
Bluetick and redbone coonhounds are gentle and affectionate breeds. Although they are loyal, they don't make the greatest watchdogs. Blueticks and redbones are submissive breeds, friendly with new people, children and other pets, especially if they are raised to be social as puppies. Although blueticks and redbones are relatively independent, they aim to please. Keep in mind that if these breeds are hot on the trail of something, it is often difficult to get their attention back. Do not let these coonhounds roam unsupervised; keep them leashed while walking them.
Aside from needing regular exercise, bluetick and redbone coonhounds are low-maintenance breeds. Blueticks have average life spans of 12 to 15 years, while redbones have life span of 10 to 12 years. Health concerns for blueticks and redbones are minimal. For redbones, the hips are the primary place to monitor. Although risk is lower, blueticks are susceptible to hip issues as well, along with bloating and kneecap dislocations. General care includes weekly brushing of their short coats, baths as needed, and regular nail clipping.
Amanda Williams has been writing since 2009 on various writing websites and blogging since 2003. She enjoys writing about health, medicine, education and home and garden topics. Williams earned a Bachelor of Science in biology at East Stroudsburg University in May 2013. Williams is also a certified emergency medical technician.