If you thought allergies precluded you from owning a canine companion, think again. There are many breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club that are considered good for allergy sufferers because they produce lower levels of dander. Among these breeds are terriers, which have wiry coats that shed very little, and the Chinese crested and Xoloitzcuintli, which are classified as hairless breeds. While the listed breeds are not completely hypoallergenic because they do still produce dander, they are better for many people with allergies.
Some small dog breeds that may be good choices for allergy sufferers include the bichon frise, Chinese crested, Havanese, Maltese, miniature schnauzer, toy poodle, and toy Xoloitzcuintli. These dogs are around or under 25 pounds and can live in smaller housing. Many of these breeds are low-shedding and single-coated, meaning they do not have a downy shedding undercoat. They require regular combing and clipping since their fur does not naturally fall out as it does in other breeds.
Medium breeds around or under 40 pounds that are suitable for individuals with allergies include the Bedlington terrier, Kerry blue terrier, miniature poodle, miniature schnauzer, miniature Xoloitzcuintli, and soft-coated wheaten terrier. These dogs are moderate- to high-energy and need a good deal of regular grooming.
If you have lots of space and energy to keep up with a larger breed, the giant schnauzer, Irish water spaniel, standard poodle, standard Xoloitzcuintli and Portuguese water dog are great choices for those with allergies. Most of these dogs require a good deal of daily exercise and they have regular grooming needs.
The labradoodle and goldendoodle and various other mixed-breed poodle hybrids are marketed as "hypoallergenic" or "non-shedding" crosses. Sometimes the offspring from such a mix can possess their poodle parent's low dander and low shedding qualities, but in general, these hybrids are not always guaranteed to be suitable for individuals with allergies.
Olivia Kight is an experienced online and print writer and editor. She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 2012, and has worked on education, family life and counseling publications. She also gained valuable knowledge shadowing a zoo veterinarian and grooming and socialize show dogs, and now spends her time writing and training her spunky young labradoodle, Booker.