With all the brands and varieties of dog foods available, it's difficult to know which one is the right one for your favorite pooch. Weight issues, dental issues, allergies, medical conditions and age are all considerations when choosing the best food for your dog. One thing is for certain, however: dogs need dog food, and the cat food is for the kitty.
The Appeal of Cat Food
Just because your dog enjoys kitty's food doesn't mean you should indulge him. Many dogs abandon their own bowls and attempt to scarf down the cat's food because the fatty content makes it more appealing. Plus -- appeal factor aside -- dogs being dogs, if there's food available they'll eat it. An occasional nibble of cat food won't hurt your dog, but long-term consumption can result in nutritional imbalances and gastrointestinal complications.
Fat and Calories
The caloric density and high-fat content in cat food aren't suitable for dogs. Dogs that consume cat food are more likely to experience gastrointestinal distress, obesity and disease. Chronic gas, vomiting and diarrhea are common reactions to short- and long-term consumption, as is pancreatitis, which can be life-threatening and turn into a recurring problem. Obese dogs are at higher risk for heart disease, hypertension, cancer, respiratory issues, bone and joint problems, diabetes and bladder stones.
The Protein Debate
Protein is absolutely vital for the health of dogs and cats. However, cats, as carnivores, require higher protein levels than dogs, who are omnivores. Some cat foods contain protein levels that exceed even the highest-protein dog foods. How harmful those excess protein levels are is the subject of much debate. While excess protein in dogs' diets was previously linked to kidney disease, those studies have been widely discredited. Nonetheless, for your dogs' long-term, optimum health, it's wise to offer him foods that have been specifically balanced for canine nutritional needs.
Vitamins, Minerals and Other Additives
Dogs and cats have different vitamin and mineral requirements. Most commercial cat foods contain additives that dogs don't need, such as vitamin A, B-complex, arachidonic acid, arginine and taurine. While cats absolutely need the added vitamin A, too much vitamin A can cause bone and joint pain in dogs, according to the ASPCA. The other additives may not be toxic, but long-term consumption of improper nutrient levels can lead to nutritional imbalances. Bottom line: for optimal weight, metabolic function and organ function, feed your dog food that is specifically balanced for the canine system.
- petMD: Why Dog Food Is Not For Cats...and Vice Versa
- Pet Peoples Place: Can Dogs Eat Cat Food?
- ASPCA: Pet Nutrition Service
- Only Natural Pet Store: Top 10 Myths About Pet Food and Nutrition
- VCA Animal Hospitals: Obesity in Dogs
- petMD: Focusing on Protein in the Diet
- The Dog Food Project: Is Too Much Protein Harmful?
- petMD: Cats Are Different: How a Cat's Nutritional Needs Are Different From a Dog's
Yvette Sajem has been a professional writer since 1995. Her work includes greeting cards and two children's books. A lifelong animal advocate, she is active in animal rescue and transport, and is particularly partial to senior and special needs animals.