Royal Canin has been making pet food since 1967 and was the first pet food company to introduce food specifically for large breed dogs. The company now offers food in the following categories: X-small, mini, medium, maxi and giant. Once you select your dog’s size, you then will choose a food based on five age categories. Royal Canin concentrates on providing a nutritionally balanced dog food. It also has a line of veterinary diet dog food, sold only by veterinarians, that can help certain conditions.
Most foods in the Royal Canin dog food line meet the nutritional levels required by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), which sets standards for pet foods. For a pet food to list “complete and balanced” on its label, it must pass a laboratory analysis. If a dog food does not meet AAFCO guidelines, it should be used as a supplement only, not as a dog’s main food source.
Average Dog Food
Royal Canin dog food received three out of five stars from the DogFoodAdvisor website, a site written and developed by Dr. Mike Sagman, an authority on reading and evaluating pet food labels. Three stars put Royal Canin dog food in the mid-tier rating, which makes it an average dog food, and the site recommends it.
To break down the ingredients in Royal Canin dog food for further analysis, DogFoodAdvisor selected the Medium Adult 25 type. The first ingredient listed is chicken meal. This quality ingredient contains 300 percent more protein than fresh chicken. The second ingredient, however, is brown rice, which is only slightly beneficial for dogs. The third ingredient is rice, which, again, is only slightly beneficial for dogs. The fourth ingredient lists oat, which is another grain. The fifth ingredient, chicken fat, is a quality ingredient for dogs because it contains omega-6 fatty acid. The sixth ingredient is corn gluten meal, an inferior grain-based product.
Grain Vs. Grain-Free
Royal Canin dog food falls slightly lower than average regarding its protein content, average for its fat content and below average for the amount of carbohydrates the food contains. Royal Canin dog food has high grain content, and its meat content is below average. The dog food is plant-based with some chicken meal. The highest rated dog foods are grain-free and use meat as their main source of protein.
Laura Agadoni has been writing professionally since 1983. Her feature stories on area businesses, human interest and health and fitness appear in her local newspaper. She has also written and edited for a grassroots outreach effort and has been published in "Clean Eating" magazine and in "Dimensions" magazine, a CUNA Mutual publication. Agadoni has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from California State University-Fullerton.