Acid reflux occurs when gastrointestinal fluids head into the esophagus. Over time, these stomach acids cause damage to the esophagus's lining. Symptoms in canines include spitting up -- as opposed to vomiting up stomach contents -- appetite loss and pain while swallowing. Since a high-fat diet makes acid reflux more likely, your vet might start treatment by switching your dog to a low-fat diet. More severe cases might require medication.
Metoclopramide for Dogs
If your dog suffers from acid reflux, your vet might prescribe metoclopramide, which helps food move quickly through the upper part of the digestive system. Metoclopramide side effects might include diarrhea, constipation and behavioral changes. Some dogs become lethargic when taking the medication, while others develop hyperactivity. Epileptic canines shouldn't receive metoclopramide, as it could increase seizure risk. Always consult your vet regarding the health and treatment of your pet.
Jane Meggitt has been a writer for more than 20 years. In addition to reporting for a major newspaper chain, she has been published in "Horse News," "Suburban Classic," "Hoof Beats," "Equine Journal" and other publications. She has a Bachelor of Arts in English from New York University and an Associate of Arts from the American Academy of Dramatics Arts, New York City.