Telazol, used for sedation and anesthetic purposes in canines, is a mix of two other drugs -- tiletamine and zolazepam. If your dog undergoes surgery lasting half an hour or less, your veterinarian might chose Telazol. It's also used to sedate an uncooperative dog for treatment or examination. An injection of this medication works fast, with a dog completely "out" within 10 minutes. When given intravenously, Telazol works within 60 seconds.
Unlike certain other sedatives and anesthetic drugs used in veterinary medicine, Telazol isn't used in humans and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration only for use in dogs and cats. Dogs suffering from pancreatic, kidney, cardiac or respiratory disease should not receive Telazol. Pregnant or nursing dogs should not receive the drug. That includes dogs undergoing a cesarean section, since Telazol can affect the respiration of newborn puppies. Dogs receiving Telazol might not close their eyes while sedated or anesthetized, so optic lubrication may be required to prevent dryness.
Jane Meggitt has been a writer for more than 20 years. In addition to reporting for a major newspaper chain, she has been published in "Horse News," "Suburban Classic," "Hoof Beats," "Equine Journal" and other publications. She has a Bachelor of Arts in English from New York University and an Associate of Arts from the American Academy of Dramatics Arts, New York City.